Everyone knows that we need bees. They are the most important animal in the world. It is estimated that one-thirds of our food relies on pollination from bees. But sometimes, these bumblebees get tired from flying and fall asleep in flowers with pollen all over their little furry bee butts like these 17 below:
Certain bees actually sleep.But it makes sense, they are some of the hardest working creatures on the planet.Our world would be a much different place if bees didn’t exist.All bees have stiff hairs and pockets on their legs which allows them to collect more pollen in between plants.Bumblebees are the most successful in pollinating certain crops because of their bigger size and vibrations.
Pollination is essentially plant reproduction.Bees are responsible for pollinating approximately $19 billion worth of agricultural crops in the U.S. alone.If bees didn’t exist, we wouldn’t have foods such as broccoli, cantaloupes, cucumbers, asparagus, pumpkins, blueberries, watermelons, cranberries and apples.Worldwide, there are 25,000 different types of bee species with over 4,000 in the U.S. alone.Bees have actually been declared the most important living being on the planet according to the Earthwatch Institute.
Unfortunately, bees have also been declared an endangered species with 90% of the bee population disappearing in the past few years.The biggest reason for the decline can be attributed to uncontrolled use of pesticides, lack of flowers and deforestation.Most activists believe we need to immediately stop the use of pesticides to stop the decline.Greenpeace says we can restore and protect the world’s bees just by using common sense.
Bees are very important for us as they provide the pollination of agricultural plants. Global economic benefits (for 2015) are 265 billion euros.The benefits of bees are usually measured on the basis of products directly from them. Honey, of course, is the most popular. Bees collect fresh water from nectar or coniferous trees from blooming plants and store the water in their honey stomachs.
The collected ones are stored in the honeycomb in the hive and processed and dried by the hive bees. Honey can only be collected if the water content is below 18 percent and this is done no more than four times a year.
If there were no bees, people would only have 4 years.The German scientist Albert Einstein said, sa If the bees disappear from the face of the earth, one will only have four years to live. Without bees, insemination, plants, animals, human beings.
Bees are one of the most systematic working animals in the world. Their ability to act as a community, their unbelievable diligence, their strong division of labor puts them in a very special place among all animals. Moreover, all these features are features that will set an example even for us people.
90% of the world’s food is obtained from eighty-two kinds of plants and 80% of these plants are pollinated by bees. This can help us understand why bees are so important.These awesome animals have amazing features. Worker bees 2 kg. The total distance between the Moon and Earth is approximately 380,000 km. distance. Moreover, bees can make only one teaspoonful of honey in their hustle and bustle which lasts for 7 weeks.
So why bees make their honeycomb hexagons, not geometric shapes like octagons, pentagons? When geometric shapes such as circles, octagons and pentagons come together, gaps remain between them. In the square and triangle it is necessary to use more wax to reach the same volume. Hexagon is the most suitable geometric shape that makes the most use of the area. In hexagonal combs, both the most honey is stored and the least wax is used for making. As a result, the bee uses the most perfect shape possible. In addition, bees make honeycombs at an angle of 13 degrees in order to prevent the flow of honey.
The main construction material of bee honeycombs is wax. The most important element for the secretion of wax is temperature. Therefore, when the worker bees start to build the honeycomb, they are interlocked with each other in a chain and become a ball. This provides the required temperature of 35 ° C for the wax. The kneading process is carried out at this optimum temperature, so that plasticized, construction-friendly wax is readily available. Wax production is a process that requires a lot of energy. Therefore, bees 1 kg. about 22 kg to make wax. They consume honey. Bees remove wax from the glands in pieces approximately the size of the head of a pin at a time.
Superb Productivity. Bees use wax wisely formed from pin-sized pieces and construct the most honeycomb with minimum wax. For example, bees 22.5×37 cm. only 40 gr. wax. The curb weight is 40 g. This honeycomb is about 2 kg. honey can store.
The honey is collected by the beekeeper using a honey filtration machine. First, the wax covers are removed from the honey combs in the frames and placed in the honey filtration machine. The centrifugal power in the honey filtration machine extracts honey from them without disturbing the eyes. The beekeeper then puts the honey comb back into the hive.
The honey flowing from the machine is collected in a container and passed through a sieve several times to ensure that it no longer contains any wax or propolis residue (bee glue). The honey is then placed in the honey bottles and rested for several days to allow air bubbles and small wax particles to surface.
Another bee product is wax which is mainly used as a natural product by the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. It is a product extracted from the honey bee’s glands. Bees use the candle to build honeycombs.In the past, the brown honeycomb was removed by the beekeeper, melted, and the defects removed.
The candle, which is now light and pure again, is poured onto the new candle center walls and returns to the colonies or recycled by other means. Bee wax is a valuable raw material that can be used to make waxes, among other things. To make a candle, the wax of an entire beehive is required. Bee wax candles give a soft light and fill the room with a pleasant aroma.
Pollen is another popular product. All plants produce pollen, the bee collects them while visiting the flowers, enriches them with nectar and carries them to the beehive. During the year, a single colony of bees collects pollen from 30 to 60 kilograms. Beekeepers place a pollen trap at the entrance of the hive to collect it. Pollen is often used as a nutritional supplement. Pollen; it is rich in vitamins, minerals and proteins. Enriches the immune system and increases mental capacity.
Propolis, also known as bee glue, is another important bee product. Bees collect resin from different plants and use them as concealers to bring them to the beehive to protect themselves from bacteria and fungi. A bee colony has the ability to collect 50 to 500 grams of resin mass per year. Propolis is used in many medicinal products. It is a natural antibiotic because it has anti-inflammatory effect and strengthens the immune system. The active ingredient is presented to humans as a medicinal ointment, cream or herbal drink in a capsule.
But perhaps the most valuable bee product is royal jelly. It is produced only by young worker bees and is made of honey, pollen and their own gland secretions. Only queen bees can eat royal jelly, which gives her 50 times longer life than her colony. Therefore, the queen bee is a symbol of performance and vigor as well as vitality. Royal jelly is used in cosmetics as well as in the pharmaceutical industry. It can be used as a natural cure for virus-based infections and has a revitalizing effect. Images Credit:Sad and Useless